Main Article Content
Background: Human resources, especially nurses, have a significant role in health care services due to the nature of their service and their direct relationships with patients. In this regard, nurses are encountered with higher stressful factors resulting from their responsibilities in providing ease and comfort for patients. Resiliency is one of the main purposes of health promotion and is considered to be a protective agent. Moreover, psychological well-being refers to striving for perfection in order to realize the potential and real individual talents and abilities. This study aims to determine the relationship between resiliency and psychological well-being of nurses in ICU & NICU of Shiraz in 2017.
Methods: This is a descriptive-correlational research. The statistical society consists of 150 nurses working in ICU & NICU of university hospitals in Shiraz. The tools of data collection were psychological well-being and resiliency questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed via SPSS software and descriptive-inferential statistics.
Results: According to the Table, 86% of the subjects are females, and 14% are males; 53.4% of them are single, and 44.6% of them are married; 84% of them have bachelor degree, and 16% of them have master degree. Average age and work experience of the subjects are 31.38 and 4.79 years, respectively. Average resiliency and psychological well-being scores of the nurses are estimated to be 66.03 ± 16.72 and 119.55 ± 24.35, respectively. Their significant relationship was approved by Pearson test P = 0.002).
Conclusions: The results indicated that resiliency and psychological well-being of the nurses have significant relationship; with an increase in resiliency, their psychological and mental health increases. Therefore, some programs and interventions are recommended for nurses in order to improve their resiliency, and consequently, promote their psychological well-being.
Keywords: Resiliency, Psychological well-being, Nurse
2. Bertocci D, Hirsch E, Sommer W, Williams A. Student mental health needs: survey results and implications for service. J Am Coll Health 1992; 41(1): 3-10.
3. Hayes JA. What does the brief symptom inventory measure in college and university counseling center clients? Journal of Counseling Psychology 1997; 44(4): 360-67.
4. Manthorpe J, Stanley N. Students' Mental Health Needs: Problems and Responses. 1st ed. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley; 2002.
5. Roberts R, Golding J, Towell T, Weinreb I. The effects of economic circumstances on British students' mental and physical health. J Am Coll Health 1999; 48(3): 103-9.
6. Ryff CD, Keyes CL. The structure of psychological well-being revisited. J Pers Soc Psychol 1995; 69(4): 719-27.
7. Ryff CD, Singer B. The contours of positive human health. Psychological Inquiry. 1998; 9(1): 1-28.
8. Konu A, Rimpelä M. Well-being in schools: a conceptual model. Health Promot Int 2002; 17(1): 79-87.
9. Pekrun R, Goetz T, Titz W, Perry RP. Academic emotions in student’ self-regulated learning and achievement: A program of qualitative and quantitative research. Educational Psychologist. 2002; 37(2): 91-105.
10. Maslach C, Jackson SE. Maslach burnout inventory Manual. 2nd ed. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc; 1993. p. 43.
11. Nasri S. Epidemiology of chronic fatigue symptom and its relationship with psychiatric problems in nurses. Journal of Iran Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology 2004; 4(36): 25-33. [In Persian].
12. Polivka BJ, Chaudry RV, Mac Crawford J. Public health nurses' knowledge and attitudes regarding climate change. Environ Health Perspect 2012; 120(3): 321-5.
13. Talaei A, Mokhber N, Mohammadnezhad M, Samari AA. Burnout and its related factors in staffs of university hospitals in Mashhad in 2006. Koomesh 2008; 9(3): 237-45 [In Persian].
14. Guo YF, Luo YH, Lam L, Cross W, Plummer V, Zhang JP. Burnout and its association with resilience in nurses: A cross-sectional study. J Clin Nurs 2018; 27(1-2): 441-9.
15. Amini F. The relationship between resiliency and burnout in nurses. J Res Dev Nurs Midw 2013; 10(2): 94-102. [In Persian].
16. Elqerenawi AY, Thabet AA, Vostanis P. Job stressors, coping and resilience among nurses in Gaza strip. Clin Exp Psychol 2017; 3: 159.
17. Pourafzal F, Seyedfatemi N, Inanloo M, Haghani H. Relationship between perceived stress with resilience among undergraduate nursing students. Hayat 19(1): 41-52. [In Persian].
18. Ren Y, Zhou Y, Wang S, Luo T, Huang M, Zeng Y. Exploratory study on resilience and its influencing factors among hospital nurses in Guangzhou, China. Int J Nurs Sci 2018; 5(1): 57-62.
19. Khodabakhshi M, Abdollahi M, Gholamrezaei S, Habibi E. Work place burnout prediction based on resiliency in nurses in relation to gender. Koomesh 17(4): 845-55. [In Persian].
20. Vetter S, Dulaev I, Mueller M, Henley RR, Gallo WT, Kanukova Z. Impact of resilience enhancing programs on youth surviving the Beslan school siege. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2010; 4: 11.
21. Zadhasan Z, Dehghanpour M, Bastami M, Yarahmadi H. The relationship between happiness and psychological well-being with job satisfaction of Khuzestan Military Hospital Nurses. Nurse and Physician within War 2017; 5(15): 11-9. [In Persian].
22. Babalola E, Odusanya O. Job satisfaction and psychological well-being among mental health nurses. Int J TranslationCommunity Dis 2015; 3(3): 64-70.
23. van der Heijden BI, Mulder RH, König C, Anselmann V. Toward a mediation model for nurses’ well-being and psychological distress effects of quality of leadership and social support at work. Medicine (Baltimore) 2017; 96(15): e6505.
24. Yosefi M, Khayatan F. Comparison of happiness, psychology well-being and job perfectionism among women nurses of different sections of hospitals in Isfahan at 2014. Scientific Journal of Hamadan Nursing & Midwifery
Faculty 2015; 23(2): 52-62. [In Persian].
25. Kavosi Z, Ghaderi AR, Moinizadeh M. The relationship between psychological well-being and job performance of nurses, and comparison of nurses in critical and ordinary wards. Research in Clinical Psychology and Counseling 2014; 4(1): 194-75. [In Persian].
26. Arafa MA, Nazel MW, Ibrahim NK, Attia A. Predictors of psychological well-being of nurses in Alexandria, Egypt. Int J Nurs Pract 2003; 9(5): 313-20.
27. Souter VL, Hopton JL, Penney GC, Templeton AA. Survey of psychological health in women with infertility. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 2002; 23(1): 41-9.
28. Salvatore P, Gariboldi S, Offidani A, Coppola F, Amore M, Maggini C. Psychopathology, personality, and marital relationship in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization procedures. Fertil Steril. 2001; 75(6): 1119-25.
29. Betancourt TS, Khan KT. The mental health of children affected by armed conflict: Protective processes and pathways to resilience. Int Rev Psychiatry 2008; 20(3): 317-28.